The negative impact of the Bystroe Canal on the Danube Delta ecosystem can be specifically
observed in the following preliminary study made by the Romanian Ministry of
Environment and Water Management, based on unofficial data:
Existing Transport Ways
Today, sea ship traffic on the Danube river takes place on the Sulina-Braila sector.
The sediments carried by the Danube river through the Chilia branch -
that defines the Romanian-Ukrainian border – and implicitly through the new Bystroe transport canal – will be deposited by sea currents in the north-south direction on the Sulina canal’s mouth. This increases the necessity for expensive dredging works – due to silting – to maintain the navigation depth.
Also, the important sediments contribution carried through the new canal section
will cause morphological changes with irreversible effects in the delta-sea contact area.
In conclusion, the construction of the canal through the Bystroe estuary threatens the existence of the Danube Biosphere Reserve in Ukraine with severe negative impact on Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve in Romania, as well.