The negative impact of the Bystroe Canal on the Danube Delta ecosystem can be specifically
observed in the following preliminary study made by the Romanian Ministry of
Environment and Water Management, based on unofficial data:
Animal and plant communities
The vascular plants community
of the reserve counts for more than 950 species,
3 of them are mentioned in the European Red List, 16 of them are mentioned in Red Book of Ukraine.
Half of them can be found in the area proposed for the canal construction, between them the presence of immigrant species.
The communities from the reserve are considerably different from those
from other deltas (Nipre, Nistre, Don, Kuban) from the North-West Black Sea coast and Azov Sea.
The area is comprised of a majority of communities specific to the wetlands that represent 80% of the total area.
There will be two types of impact of the construction works:
- the waves produced by the ships will determine changes in plant species;
- communities, many species, including the rare ones will disappear;
- navigation represents a vector for the introduction of exotic species;
The proposed canal will cut through the central area of the
biosphere reserve and will result in a high level of pollution on in a 5 sq. km area and have negative influences
on the reserve's flora and fauna.
The reserve's territory is the permanent or temporary habitat for many rare and/or endangered insects, amphibians and reptiles, many of which are on the European Red List or on the Red Book of Ukraine. The majority of the mentioned vulnerable species are very sensitive to industrial activities.